Four days of national holidays
Golden Week has become one of Japan’s most busiest national holidays. It is very common to find that lots of well known tourist hot spots become even more busy than normal and trying to find accommodation on a short notice can become very difficult. Public transport also becomes even more crowded than normal in some places, since everyone takes advantage of the national holidays.
The four days consist of the following national holidays:
April 29th (天皇誕生日, Tennō Tanjōbi)
This day is to celebrate the former Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito) who’s birthday was on this date. Between 1989 until 2006 this day was called Greener Day, and from 2007 it changed to Shōwa Day. Greener Day moved to May 4th.
May 3rd (憲法記念日, Kenpō Kinenbi)
On this holiday theres the celebration of the promulgation constitution in Japan, which came into effect as of May 3, 1947. On this day it is common to reflect over things like democray and other things in Japan.
May 4th (みどりの日, Midori no Hi)
Greenery Day, which was once celebrated on April the 29th, was moved to May the 4th as of 2007. Greenery Day is to celebrate nature and it stems from the former emperor’s love for plants and nature.
May 5th (こどもの日, Kodomo no Hi)
Children’s Day is a celebration of children. This day used to be called Boy’s Day, and was set aside to celebrate the boys in a Japanese family. Families used this day to celebrate their sons’ health, well being, happiness and future. People put up carp streamers and display samurai dolls to symbolise success and power among other things in life. About 65 years ago, the government decided that this day would be a celebration not only of boys, but of all children and also a day to show gratitude toward mothers.
Even if you don’t celebrate the holidays, Im sure you wouldnt mind the four days off in Japan and you would find lots of other things to do during the celebrations in Japan.